What is Osteoarthritis ?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is defined as a disease in which all the structures of the joint are compromised which includes the bone tissue and the cartilage as well.
OA affects the joints of neck, lumbar spine, sacral spine, hip, knee and the toes. The wrist, the elbow and the ankle joints are spared.
Osteoarthritis is more common after the age of 40 and its incidence increases with age, highly prevalent in people over age 60. It is more common in women than men.
What happens in Osteoarthritic condition?
There is cartilage loss, the bone plate is thickened and sclerosed. There are osteophytes growth at the joints, muscles bridging the joint are weakened and the articular capsule is stretched.
Why does Osteoarthritis condition develop?
Failure of joint to keep healthy in Osteoarthritis disease can be due to numerous pathways but often it is noticed there is joint injury in the history which took the initial step towards the failure in protecting the joint mechanism
What are the causes for Osteoarthritis ?
Basically, it is the failure of joint to protect its mechanisms which leads to Osteoarthritis. It can be due to Joint vulnerability and joint loading which are known as two major factors predisposing to OA.
Joint vulnerability can be due to systemic factors as well as intrinsic factors , which can be ;
Systemic factors affecting joint vulnerability :
- Age more than 40 years.
- Female gender
- Genetic susceptibility
- Nutritional status and factors
Intrinsic factors affecting joint vulnerability :
- Past history of injury or damage to the joint
- Weakness of the muscles which help bridge the joint
- Bone density getting increased.
- Malalignment of the joint
- Deficiencies in pain sensation
Joint loading which contribute to the development of OA can be :
- Strenuous and injurious physical activities.
What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis ?
Pain is the major symptom of OA and it is activity-related. Pain of Osteoarthritis is felt either during or after joint movement and it gradually decreases by taking rest.
Joint pain from OA comes in episodes.
With the progress of disease, the pain becomes continuous and is felt even at rest and can be bothersome at night.
Stiffness of the affected joint is another symptom of OA
On physical examination, tenderness is felt over the joint line
What are the diagnostic tests for Osteoarthritis ?
X-rays, examination of synovial fluid and MRI scans help in diagnosis , differentiation and confirmation of Osteoarthritis.
What is the treatment for Osteoarthritis ?
Considering the age of the patients who suffer from Osteoarthritis, middle-age and over, the goal of the treatment of OA will be to preserve the joint functioning ability and alleviate the pain
Also, the goal of the treatment depends on the two major factors, joint loading and joint vulnerability. Therefore, apart from medicines, the patients suffering from OA have to be educated to avoid putting weight on joints by reducing weight if obese, by giving rest to joint, by leading healthy lifestyle, by simple joint exercises.
The best treatment of Osteoarthritis combines quality homeopathic medicines and management of joint loading factors. Positive Homeopathy Clinics have specialist doctors trained to take care of patients with OA and work with an aim to prevent joint failure. Homeopathic medicines for OSteoarthritis act deep enough to remove the disease in its initial stages.
Some of the best homeopathic remedies for Osteoarthritis are Rhus tox, Bryonia, Ruta, Natrum mur, Thuja, China etc among many others. These homeopathic medicines are to be used under medical supervision. Positive Homeopathy Clinics dispense quality homeopathic medicines aa part of excellence in the treatment of Osteoarthritis in India and through Online consultation.