Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder. Thalassemia sufferers are not able to make enough hemoglobin, leading to severe anemia. Since Thalassemia is a group of blood disorders and not a single disorder that affects the body in similar ways, it is important to note the differences between various types of thalassemia.

There are two primary types of Thalassemia disease:

  • Alpha Thalassemia
  • Beta Thalassemia

People whose hemoglobin doesn’t produce enough alpha protein have alpha thalassemia. The demographic is commonly Africa, India, Middle East, South East Asia and Southern China and to an extent the Mediterranean.

There are four types of thalassemia ranging from mild to severe in their effect on the body.

  • Silent carrier state
  • Hemoglobin constant spring
  • Alpha thalassemia trait or mild alpha thalassemia
  • Hemoglobin H constant spring

People whose hemoglobin doesn’t produce enough beta protein have beta thalassemia.  It is found in the people of Mediterranean descent, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Africa, South East Asia, and Southern China.

There are three types of beta thalassemia ranging from mild to severe in their effect on the body.

  • Thalassemia minor or thalassemia trait
  • Thalassemia intermediate
  • Thalassemia major or Cooley’s anemia


  • Pale, listless appearance
  • Poor appetite
  • Dark urine
  • Stunted physical growth & delayed puberty
  • Jaundice
  • Enlarged spleen, liver or heart


The treatment includes blood transfusions, iron chelating therapy and folic acid supplements. Homeopathy addresses the root cause of the disease and not just the underlying symptoms. This will eventually reduce blood transfusions. Homeopathic medicines also improve immunity reducing frequent bouts of infections. However, the role of homeopathy is supplementary in case of thalassemia.

If Ignored

Some individuals do experience a very mild anemia. Individuals with beta thalassemia major have a severe expression of the disorder; they often require regular blood transfusions and lifelong, ongoing medical care. … Severe anemia can cause serious, even life-threatening complications if left untreated.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How thalassemia is caused?

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.

What are the general features of beta thalassemia?

Beta thalassemia is a blood disorder that reduces the production of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells throughout the body.Of the two types, thalassemia major is more severe.